Health Savings Accounts (HSA)

At First Farmers & Merchants, we offer a Health Savings Account (HSA) so you can make sure your money keeps working for you, while paying your medical expenses. Health savings accounts (HSAs) are like personal savings accounts, but the money in them is used to pay for health care expenses. You — not your employer or insurance company — own and control the money in your health savings account. The money you deposit into the account is not taxed. To be eligible to open an HSA, you must have a special type of health insurance called a high-deductible plan.

Is a health savings account right for me?
Like any health care option, HSAs have advantages and disadvantages. As you weigh your options, think about your budget and what health care you're likely to need in the next year.

If you're generally healthy and want to save for future health care expenses, an HSA may be an attractive choice. Or if you're near retirement, an HSA may make sense because the money in the HSA can be used to offset costs of medical care after retirement. On the other hand, if you think you might need expensive medical care in the next year and would find it hard to meet a high deductible, an HSA might not be your best option.

Eligibility Requirements:

  1. Are you covered by a High Deductible Healthcare Plan (HDHCP)?
  2. Are you covered by any other health plan that is not HDHCP and that provides coverage for any benefit which is covered under your HDHCP?
  3. Are you enrolled in Medicare?
  4. Are you eligible to be claimed as a dependent on another person’s tax return?
    *If you answered YES to question 1 and NO to questions 2-4, you are eligible to establish an HSA.

Features & Benefits of an HSA at First Farmers & Merchants

  • $50.00 Minimum Opening Deposit required
  • $2.00 Monthly Fee if average balance falls below $50.00
  • Interest is calculated daily
  • Check Card available at No Monthly Fee
  • Free 24-Hour Access available via Mobile or Online Banking**

What are some potential advantages of health savings accounts?

  • You decide how much money to set aside for health care costs.
  • You control how your HSA money is spent. You can shop around for care based on quality and cost.
  • Your employer may contribute to your HSA, but you own the account and the money is yours even if you change jobs.
  • Any unused money at the end of the year rolls over (stays in your account) to the next year.
  • You don't pay taxes on money going into your HSA.

What are some potential disadvantages to health savings accounts?

  • Illness can be unpredictable, making it hard to accurately budget for health care expenses.
  • Information about the cost and quality of medical care can be difficult to find.
  • Some people find it challenging to set aside money to put into their HSAs. People who are older and sicker may not be able to save as much as younger, healthier people.
  • Pressure to save the money in your HSA might lead you to not seek medical care when you need it.
  • If you take money out of your HSA for nonmedical expenses, you'll have to pay taxes on it.

Who can set up a health savings account?

Your employer may offer an HSA option or you can start an account on your own through First Farmers & Merchants Bank. To qualify, you must be under age 65 and carry a high-deductible health insurance plan. If you have a spouse who uses your insurance as secondary coverage, he or she also must be enrolled in a high-deductible plan.

This high-deductible health plan must be your only health insurance — you can't be covered by any other health insurance. However, having dental, vision, disability and long-term care insurance doesn't disqualify you from having an HSA.

What is a high-deductible health plan and how does it work?
As its name implies, it's a health insurance plan that has a high deductible — the amount of medical expenses you must pay each year before coverage kicks in. While the deductible is high with this type of plan, the premium (the regular fee you pay to obtain coverage) is typically lower for high-deductible plans than for traditional plans.

High-deductible plans don't start paying until after you've spent at least $1,350 (for an individual) or $2,700 (for a family) of your own money on health care expenses. You can use your HSA to pay deductible expenses, as well as copays and other non-covered health care expenses.

Not all high-deductible plans work the same. For instance, plans may pay for preventive services, such as mammograms, before the deductible is met. It's critical to carefully review the plan's coverage details, including the out-of-pocket maximum — the limit on how much you would have to pay out of pocket for medical expenses in a year.

How much money can I deposit annually into a health savings account?
The Internal Revenue Service sets the contribution limits for HSAs. For 2019, the limits are:

  • $3,550 for individuals
  • $7,100 for family 
  • If you are age 55 or older by the end of the year, you can contribute an additional $1,000 to your HSA. If you are married, and both of you are age 55, each of you can contribute an additional $1,000 as long as each HSA is in each spouse's name. this does not apply to a Family HSA account.

Can I use pretax money to fund a health savings account?
If your employer offers a high-deductible insurance plan, you may be able to deposit money into an HSA on a pretax basis. If you open an HSA on your own, you can deduct your deposits when you file your income taxes.

Can my employer contribute to my health savings account, too?
Yes, your employer can contribute to your HSA. But the total of your employer's contribution plus your contribution still must be within the contribution limits.

Are health savings accounts similar to flexible spending accounts?
Yes, but there are a couple of key differences. One difference is the ability to roll over unspent money each year. You can't do that with a flexible spending account (FSA).

Another difference is that the money you put into an HSA is yours and you can take it with you if you switch jobs or retire. You can't take money from an employer-sponsored FSA with you if you quit or change jobs. Finally, it's important to know that in most cases you can't have both an HSA and an FSA.

How do I find information about medical costs and quality so I can make informed choices?
It can be challenging. Right now it's difficult to get reliable information regarding the cost and quality of treatment options, doctors and hospitals. Your employer or health plan may offer some Web-based tools or a phone number to call for some basic information. The hope is that as health savings accounts and other consumer-directed health care options become more widespread, access to information about cost and quality will expand.

Can I withdraw money from a health savings account for non-medical expenses?
Yes, but if you withdraw funds for non-medical expenses before you turn 65, you have to pay taxes on the money and a 20 percent penalty. If you take money out after you turn 65, you don't have a penalty, but you must still pay taxes on the money.

Contact your local Customer Service Representative at First Farmers & Merchants Bank to help determine if an HSA is right for you and your family. This service is not offered at all locations so please call before stopping in.

**Text & Data Rates may apply.